Türkiye At The Highest Level In Its History In The Global Innovation Index

TİM Chairman Gülle: Our Export Will Rise With Innovation

In the Global Innovation Index, which measures the innovation performance of countries around the world and in which 132 countries compete, Türkiye rose 10 steps to 41st place and reached the best ranking in its history. In the 2021 report announced by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the Switzerland-based expert agency of the United Nations (UN); Türkiye re-entered the top 50 leagues with a 10-digit leap in the index this year, becoming the country with the largest increase among these countries. Among the 132 countries included in the index, Türkiye ranked 2nd among the countries that made the biggest leap.

Commenting on Türkiye's record rise in the index, TİM Chairman İsmail Gülle said, "As Turkish Exporters Assembly, we support our country's innovation ecosystem with our belief that export will rise with innovation.  Under the leadership of our president, Türkiye has risen 10 steps in the Global Innovation Index with the support of our ministries, TİM's work towards the innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem and the increasing competitiveness of our companies. We believe that Türkiye will make much bigger jumps in the index in the coming years. We are proud that our country broke a historical record in the 2021 index after we took on the task of preparing the Global Innovation Index Türkiye Roadmap and Action Plan within the body of the Investment Environment Improvement Coordination Board (YOİKK) and under the coordination of our Ministry of Industry and Technology.

The 2021 Global Innovation Index was announced by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the Switzerland-based expert agency of the United Nations (UN), with the main theme of "Continuing Innovation in the COVID-19 Crisis" with the world launch held online today. Türkiye re-entered the top 50 leagues this year with a 10-digit jump in the index, making it the country with the largest increase among these countries. Of the 132 countries in the index, Türkiye ranked 2nd among the countries that recorded the biggest jump. Türkiye also ranked 4th in the group of middle-upper income countries. According to the income group rankings, China, Bulgaria, and Malaysia were ahead of Türkiye. China ranked 12th, maintaining its upward trend last year.

Türkiye's best performing component

Among the middle-upper income group countries, Türkiye performed above the group averages in six of the 7 main components. The best performing component of Türkiye was "Human Capital and Research". Türkiye ranked 26th in this component and 35th in the "Creative Outputs" component. This year, Türkiye has performed better in innovation outputs rather than in innovation inputs. The report also highlighted that İstanbul and Ankara are home to two leading clusters of science and technology. İstanbul ranked 49th among the best science and technology clusters in the world, rising two places. 

At the launch where the Global Innovation Index was announced, for the first time this year, the Ministry of Industry and Technology and the report's corporate partner; The Turkish Exporters Assembly, which is the only umbrella organization of 100 thousand exporters with 61 exporters' unions and 27 sectors, was also included.

Minister Varank: We achieved the best ranking

Emphasizing that they aim to further improve Türkiye's ranking in the Global Innovation Index with new strategies, reforms, and programs, considering the fundamental dynamics of innovation ecosystems, Minister of Industry and Technology Mustafa Varank said, “Türkiye has rapidly developed different initiatives to encourage innovation as part of emergency measures during the pandemic. Our policy measures and areas of focus were regulatory frameworks, infrastructure, investment climate, human resources, and international cooperation. These areas were also consistent with the key components of the Global Innovation Index. In the end, we got the best ranking we've ever had. Our aim is both to rise to higher ranks and to develop our innovation ecosystem sustainably. We see the Index as a very effective tool in improving our innovation performance. First, the index provides our country with a standard way to analyze our innovation performance every year, through key indicators. It also reveals the strengths and weaknesses of our innovation ecosystem and lays the groundwork for structural reforms in areas where we can improve.”

"We support Türkiye's innovation ecosystem"

TİM Chairman İsmail Gülle was a speaker at the panel titled "Redesigning Innovation Policies and Business Strategies" at the launch of the Global Innovation Index held online. Drawing attention to TİM's projects and especially to its innovation efforts at the panel, Gülle said: “As the Turkish Exporters Assembly, we support the innovation ecosystem of our country with our belief that export will rise with innovation. Under the leadership of our President, Türkiye has risen 10 places in the Global Innovation Index and reached the highest position in our history with the support of our ministries, TİM's efforts towards the innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem, and the increasing competitiveness of our companies. As TİM, we support Türkiye's innovation ecosystem, the innovation culture of companies and carry out innovation-oriented projects that will increase the added value of our exports with our InovaLİG, İnoSuit, İnovaTİM, TİM-TEB Enterprise Houses. We brought together more than 700 thousand speakers with 500,000 people in seven years at Türkiye Innovation Week, Türkiye's largest innovation meeting. In The Türkiye Innovation Week held online in 2020, we broke a record with 2 million views.

"Our country will make much bigger jumps in the index"

We have awarded more than 5,000 companies with Türkiye's first innovation development program, InovaLİG. We provided a total of 24 thousand hours of mentoring services to 155 companies with the Focused InoSuit Program based on university-industry cooperation. Türkiye's youngest and most innovative family, İnovaTİM, contributes to Türkiye's national space program with more than 3,000 students; it successfully represents our country in international competitions with its model satellite, unmanned underwater vehicle, and project teams developing many innovative designs. We believe that our country will make much bigger leaps in the index and reach the position it deserves in the coming years, with the efforts of TİM to strengthen the innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem for many years, the support of our Ministries, and the increasing competitiveness of our companies.”

It Compares with 80 different indicators

The Global Innovation Index, published by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) for 14 years, compares the innovation performance of countries with 80 different indicators under 7 main components: "Institutions", "Human Capital and Research", "Infrastructure", "Versatility of the Market", "Versatility of Companies", "Information and Technology Outputs" and "Creative Outputs".

Significant progress made in the 2021 report

The accuracy and up-to-dateness of statistical information were ensured in the databases of international organizations such as UNESCO, OECD, World Bank, World Trade Organization, which are among the data sources of the indicators in the index. Ranking 51st in the 2020 report, Türkiye's data for four indicators in the index are incomplete and data for eight indicators are not up to date; Eight incomplete and outdated indicators were updated in the 2021 report. Significant progress was made in the 2021 report with the works carried out by the responsible institutions in the task force under the responsibility of the Ministry of Industry and Technology and in the coordination of TİM.

TİM prepared the road map

Under the coordination of the Ministry of Industry and Technology, within the Investment Environment Improvement Coordination Board (YOİKK), and led by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, TİM took on the task of preparing the "Global Innovation Index Türkiye Roadmap and Action Plan". In this context, TİM created a task force in 2020. Short, medium, and long-term actions were prepared for 69 of the 80 indicators in the index within YOİKK. Technical studies were carried out with 40 experts from 22 different institutions to improve a total of 69 indicators, 38 of which were classified as short and 31 medium and long term. TİM also organized consultation meetings with academician mentors of the Focused InoSuit Program and created 8 different working groups for 35 medium/long-term indicators. As a result of the meetings of the Global Innovation Index working groups of the TİM Focused InoSuit Program, which was contributed by more than 20 academicians, 34 medium and long-term action proposals were developed.

YOİKK has owned high-level

Last year, within the scope of the 2019-2020 Action Plan of the Investment Environment Improvement Coordination Board (YOIKK), The "Global Innovation Index Action Plan" was launched. At the meeting held on 30 June 2020 under the chairmanship of Vice President Fuat Oktay, it was decided to accelerate the efforts to increase Türkiye's rank in the Global Innovation Index and to establish a 'Türkiye Global Innovation Index Task Force' in which the responsible institutions are represented. Preparatory meetings were held by TİM in coordination with the Ministry of Industry and Technology. For the first time in the history of TİM for the follow-up of action items, the Coordination and Monitoring Platform of the Global Innovation Index of Türkiye (TÜRKİZ) was launched on November 20, 2020. Developments regarding the action items are reported on the platform monthly by the representatives of the institutions since then. In the YOİKK steering committee meetings, TİM provides regular information about the developments made within the scope of "The Global Innovation Index Action Plan and Strategy Creation" and the activities planned for the upcoming process. The Action Plan, which includes medium and long-term action items for improving Türkiye's position, will cover the period 2021 – 2023. At the end of 2021, it will be organized webinar series, which is sharing good global examples of application, and the "Global Innovation Index Türkiye Action Plan and Strategy" will be presented to WIPO.

Highlights of the Global Innovation Index 2021 Report

WIPO, Portulans Institute partnership and Brazilian National Confederation of Industry (CNI), Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), Ecopetrol (Colombia), and Turkish Exporters Assembly (TIM) Corporate partnership, the 14th Global Innovation Index was published. The full report, submitted to an independent statistical audit by the European Commission's Joint Research Center, is available on the Global Innovation Index website (www.globalinnovationindex.org). According to the report, global investment in innovation reached an all-time high before the pandemic, with R&D growing at an extraordinary 8.5 percent in 2019. Government subsidies for the economies with the highest R&D expenditures grew steadily in 2020. The highest corporate R&D spenders increased their R&D expenditures by about 10 percent last year. The number of scientific articles published worldwide increased by 7.6 percent in 2020. This year, in addition to South Korea's rise from 10th to 5th place, France and China continued the progress they made last year. During the COVID-19 pandemic, although public and private sectors focus on health and biotechnology areas, in the other areas innovation investments were continued to be supported.

Table 1: Upper-Middle Income Group Economies Ranking

Rank               Global Innovation Index 2021

Upper-Middle Income Group Economies (34 total)

1

China (12)

2

Bulgaria (35)

3

Malaysia (36)

4

Türkiye (41)

5

Thailand (43)

6

Russian Federation (45)

7

Montenegro (50)

8

Serbia (54)

9

Mexico (55)

10

Costa Rika (56)

 

Table 2: Top 20 Country Rankings

 

Rank               Global Innovation Index 2021

Rank

Global Innovation Index 2021

1

Switzerland (1st place in 2020)

11

France (12)

2

Sweden (2)

12

China (14)

3

The United States (3)

13

Japan (16)

4

The United Kingdom (4)

14

Hong Kong (China) (11)

5

The Republic of Korea (10)

15

Israel (13)

6

The Netherlands (5)

16

Canada (17)

7

Finland (7)

17

Iceland (21)

8

Singapore (8)

18

Austria (19)

9

Denmark (6)

19

Ireland (15)

10

Germany (9)

20

Norway (20)

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